Monday, October 31, 2016

NMC Horizon Report: 2016

       The New Media Consortium (NMC) Horizon Report: 2016 Higher Education Edition is learning initiative research conducted by New Media Consortium and EDUCAUSE Program. The report is the 13th edition which describes annual findings from the NMC Horizon Project. The project is an ongoing research project which was designed identify and describe emerging technologies likely to impact on learning, teaching, and creative inquiry in education (Johnson et al., 2016).
       The report is the outcome of research conducted regarding technology adoption and educational change. The report was produced through a collaborative research and discussions of a body of 58 experts. The authors mentioned that the report is regarded as the world’s longest-running exploration of emerging technology trends and uptake in education which impact is emerging technologies in colleges and universities across the globe (Johnson et al., 2016).
          The study draws on the expertise of an international expert panel that considers set of important trends, challenges, and developments in educational technology. The panel explores and selects the final listing of trends, challenges, and technology developments. The process takes place online, where it is captured in the NMC Horizon Project wiki. The participants are 58 education and technology experts from 16 countries on five continents.  The research was conducted using modified Delphi. The reason for using modified Delphi method was to share a consensus view on topics which have a significant impact on the practice of higher education around the globe over the next five years (Johnson et al., 2016).
Technology:  Bring Your Own Device (BYOD)
     One technology considered by NMC Horizon Report: 2016 Higher Education  is  BYOD, which is  referred to as BYOT (Bring Your Own Technology). This is the practice of people bringing their own laptops, tablets, smartphones, or other portable devices with them to learning or work environments.
Example of a BYOD Seminar Room: John Woolley Building N208
       The BYOD movement addresses the same reality in higher education. Many students  go to class with their own devices to connect to the school networks.  The  BYOD is a policy that reduces overall technology spending  of students . A study indicates that about 42% percent of colleges and universities in the US had implemented a BYOD strategy in 2014 (Johnson et al., 2016).
The BYOD movement enables students to learn using the technology with which they are already familiar and comfortable than what is provided by the school.  It also provides students with a greater sense of ownership over their learning.  It is reported that about 86% of undergraduate students owning a smartphone or tablet are expected to use these devices to access learning content, take notes, gather data and frequently communicate with their peers and instructors (Johnson et al., 2016).
Trend: Advancing cultures of innovation
       I will like to discuss the Advancing cultures of innovation which is a long term trend. The title of the study is “Advancing Cultures of Innovation Long-Term Impact Trends: Driving Ed Tech adoption in higher education for five or more years” (Johnson et al., 2016).
      The research is based on a theory that universities are generally perceived as institutions which have the ability to start new discoveries and innovations that directly impact their local communities and even the global landscape (Johnson et al., 2016). The study argued that in order to embark on innovation and adapt to economic needs of the communities, the higher education institutions must be structured in ways that allow for flexibility while spurring creativity and entrepreneurial thinking.
       The report cited graduates from Stanford University in the USA and Cambridge University in the UK which adopted the trend and incorporate entrepreneurship initiatives into the education curriculum making a considerable impact on the job market. Many of graduates these universities became successful entrepreneurs because of the experience they gain developing business strategies through hands-on education curriculum.
       According to the report, the number of formal entrepreneurial courses in higher education has grown in the USA has increased exponentially for two decades and  nearly 25% of today’s college students aspiring to be entrepreneurs. Stanford alumni entrepreneurs were able to help to generate revenue of $2.7 trillion annually globally, and Cambridge University Entrepreneurs group in the UK has helped generate companies with approximately £100 million of investment over a 15-year period (Johnson et al., 2016).
       The positive impact of the trend is evident in a study prepared for European Commission which revealed that university alumni who engaged in entrepreneurial programs were able to secure jobs more quickly. They are also more confident and able to innovate in the workplace and capable of starting new businesses. Another impact of the trend is that students improve in self-awareness, self-management, and creativity.

Johnson, L., Adams Becker, S., Cummins, M., Estrada, V., Freeman, A., and Hall, C. (2016). NMC              Horizon Report: 2016 Higher Education Edition. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium.

The interesting thing about NMC Horizon Report for Higher Education that is that the panel represents people from a wide range of backgrounds and from different countries. These panel of experts brings a relevant expertise to educational innovation. Over the years the NMC Horizon Project research has bee conducted by nearly 2,000 internationally recognized practitioners and experts, and in any given year, a third of panel are new members. This is to ensure a flow of fresh perspectives each year.

Monday, October 24, 2016

Ideas that happened by accident

        Many invention and ideas that happened accidentally. Muller (n.d)  reported about 24 of such accidental inventions at website. Some of the inventions include a microwave oven, coal tar, and rubber. The one I will like to discuss the accidental invention of rubber which I learned when I was as a child. I learned from my primary school days that piece of a hardened rubber accidentally fell in a fire and turned into industrial rubber. What a funny story It was by then.
       The actual accidental invention of rubber is what I will discuss here. According to a report, in 1939 a man named Charles Goodyear accidentally dropped a rubber mixed with lean and sulfur onto a hot stove (Muller, n.d.). The rubber mixture hardened and became very durable and resistance to heat and could and became the industrial rubber use today.
       Before Charles Goodyear invention, there was rubber, but the rubber was not for industrial purposes. The substance which used for rubber comes from rubber trees in the tropical forest. I have personally seen a rubber tree and the rubber material called latex in Ghana. But the old rubber could not be use for the industrial product as we have it today. The rubber in at that time get hardened in the cold winter season and will melt in summer when it is hot. The rubber industry was dying because of the characteristics of rubber and people who sell and use rubber were becoming hopeless.
       The rubber industry in the USA began the 1930s. Many people wanted to use a waterproof gum from Brazil, but the people found out that it was a mess (Goodyear Corporate, n.d.). The rubber is frozen and become hardened in winter and will melt and turned to look like glue in the summer which resulted in investors in rubber industry lost millions of dollars and many closed down.
      That is when a man from Philadelphia called Goodyear who was a hardware store owner try to do something about rubber. Goodyear has been experimenting with rubber and because he had no funding became so poor, and he went to jail because of debt. Goodyear made his first rubber experiment in a police cell. When he was out of jail, he continued to try again and again to make his experiment reality. He mixed different substance such as magnesium powder, quicklime, and nitric acid to the rubber but could not achieve the dire result. The rubber still gets hardened in winter and melt in summer. The sad news was that Goodyear became so obsessed with his experiment and became so poor that he could not feed his family and was constantly in debt.  For five futile years, Goodyear was near rock bottom. People from Boston the place where he lived gave his children food, to eat, and he lost children in the process.
     The great accidental discovery occurred in winter 1839. In February that year he just walked to a general store at Woburn to show his new rubber mixture. Very excited and waving his hand, the substance fell from his hand and landed on a hot potbellied stove. When he try to scrape the substance of the stove he made a discovery. He found that that instead of rubber melting like molasses, it had charred like leather. The rubber had become elastic. He discovered that heating the rubber is the answer for the rubber to stay the same in winter and summer. The winter after Goodyear’s discovery heat and sulfur miraculously changed rubber. And Goodyear made remarkable discovery by inventing weatherproof rubber.
      It was Goodyear who saw rubber as what we know it is today. Rubber has been a versatile modern plastics. He suggested the same application of rubber in 1850 as rubber paint, car springs, ferryboat bumpers, wheelbarrow tires, inflatable life rafts, and “frogmen” suits” and many other recent innovations he described a century ago (Goodyear Corporate, n.d). And now about 300,000 Americans earn their livelihoods in rubber manufacturing and rubber materials worth $6 billion in the USA.
Goodyear Corporate. (n.d.). Retrieved from
Muller, D (n.d) 24 Important scientific discoveries that happened. Retrieved from

Monday, October 17, 2016

The power of social media

Social Transformation 
           This innovation video below is about the power of the social media. The theme for the talk was transformation brought by the Internet, communication and social media. The video describes how the Internet has changed communication and potentially transformed the world. Transformation is changing for the better.


 The speaker mentioned that transformation occupies emotional space for both individuals and the organization. For the individual,  transformation change the way we live, helps us to be happy, enable us to connect to the community. For the organization, the transformation helps to change business process and business model, innovation and profitable. Innovation can be incremental or breakthrough innovation (Davila, et. al., 2014). Though transformation brings change, implementing change is difficult because people will normally do what they always do. For people to change, they need to share the idea they have. The sharing of the idea means communication with each other. The Internet and social media have been a vehicle for transformation.

History of Communication
The speaker also discussed the medium of communication at the beginning of the twenty century. The modern mass communication started with the printers and printing press at the beginning of the twentieth century (Shirky, 2009). The printing press printed newspapers and newspapers were the media of communication. The communication was one-way communication. The readers and were consumers of the news. The majority of the society could not share their idea. The elite created news and disseminates to the people (Shirky, 2009). This next era was telephone and telegraph. The telephone has been very effective, and it is still used today because if foster communication between two individuals and considered private. It is a two-way communication. The next generation of the medium of communication was the radio and television. The radio and television have the same characteristics in the communication were one way and top down communication. The Internet and the social media as a medium of communication have transformed the way information created and shared. Social media is an undeniable force in the world today. An example of social media applications is Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp's and much more.

The Internet, Social Media, and Communication
The Internet and the social are two forces that have impacted innovation. With the Internet and social media as a tool, anyone is capable of creating news and communication the news to a wider audience.The audience is the world population.  In this new era, a network of individuals will be able to create information rather than the elite who force news on the people. Anybody at any part of the world can join a conversation and contribute to ideas.

The Internet, Social Media, and Innovation.
The Internet and social media have transformed the world into a global village. People around the world can have friends anywhere in the world. Business has larger customers for their product and services. The rapid growth of knowledge and communication across the world means that hundreds of people with outstanding ideas can share them, and develop them which will lead to transformation and innovation. Social media facilitate fast communication and information sharing, help citizens in repressive regimes to report on real news, bypassing information censorship and ended top down communication (Shirky, 2009). 

Davila, T., & Epstein, M. (2014). The innovation paradox: Why good businesses kill
breakthroughs and how they can change. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
Shirky, C (2009). The power of social media: How social media can make history 

Monday, October 10, 2016

Flying Car

Williams Obinkyereh
Doctor of Computer Science Student

Flying Car

When I was a child I was very fascinated about how aircraft is used to transport people from part of the globe to the other very quickly. Then I got the feeling that a day will come when cars can fly like aircraft. 

I thought about this about 30 years ago and just found out that car that can fly have been invented and tested. The idea was that it was easy to make and aircraft the can drive like a car than inventing a car that can fly. 
Flying Car
The idea of flying car has been featured in James Bond movies for long, but the idea is becoming reality. I have been thinking of flying cars for more about 30 years ago. I have also study the theory of flight and believe the idea of flying cars will be future innovation. (2013) reported that, flying car will become reality in 2017, which is very soon than I thought. It reported that AeroMobil, a Slovakian company, plans to start selling its creation, the AeroMobil 3.0, in 2017. (2016) also reported that many prototypes of flying aircraft have been built since the first years of the twentieth century, but no flying car has yet reached production status.

Solar Powered Mobile Devices

Two future technologies I believe will happen is how to power mobile devices, laptops and smart and free Internet connection for all. I believe the current power system for these devices are not efficient and also not accessible to everybody. For example many places in developing countries don’t have constant electric power supply which is need to charge laptops, smart phones and tablet. The new innovations I think will this happen is solar charge laptops, smart phones and tablets. I have seen DIY solar to charge mobile devices. But I believe by 15 years, solar power supply will be embedded into the devices to charge the device.  This will be very possible because there are solar driving car. Using solar power to charge mobile devices will be very useful for millions of people around the world.The next technology is free Internet for all. 

Free Internet for All

Recently Face book started to roll out Free Basics Internet to developing country.   The project which was name in developing countries was met with criticism that, partial Internet violates open source application ideas. But this idea of free Internet will eventually happen by 15 years when every human on earth will be able to get information from the Internet.

CNN.Money (2013) This flying car will be ready for takeoff in 2017 (2016) Flying car (aircraft)

Link to my website:


Williams Obinkyereh

Welcome to my blog!
My blog will primarily be my views on what’s happening in the news about future technology innovation. 

Please feel free to add your comments to my posts. 

You can also visit my website from the link below.

Link To: My Website